The CourthouseDirect.com Blog

What is an Abstract of Judgment and How Can You Find One Online?

One obstacle to a clean title is an Abstract of Judgment, which is a method of placing a lien on real property to pay a legal judgment. If an individual in a lawsuit receives a financial responsibility, any real property is used as ...
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What is the Pugh Clause and How Does it Affect Oil Leases?

If you aren’t careful, a Pugh Clause may be a tripwire for the unaware in an oil or gas lease contract. The Pugh Clause is named for a Louisiana attorney, Lawrence Pugh, who took on Shell Oil in 1947 on behalf of a lessor.
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What are Easements and Rights of Way?

It’s a rare piece of property that has no need to allow encroachment of any kind. In most municipalities and counties as well as at the state and federal level, parts of most land parcels must be given over to use by someone other than the ...
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Negotiating Oil and Gas Leases: How to Make the Deal

Negotiating oil and gas leases is like many other negotiation activities. Most landowners don't work with oil and gas leases very often while landmen are highly knowledgeable. However, this is a contract negotiation, and both sides must ...
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The Duhig Rule: Mineral Rights & Warranty Deeds

One of the more convoluted concepts in mineral rights and warranty deeds is the Duhig Rule. Named for the court case Duhig v. Peavey-Moore Lumber Company, the Duhig Rule was the outcome of a disagreement caused by one party either ...
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Color-of-Title Act: What you Need to Know about Color-of-Title Adverse Possession

The Color-of-Title Act (which goes by the impressive legal designation 43 CFR 540, Subpart 254) refers to the right of a person, group, or corporation that has “evidence” purporting to have title to public lands administered by the Bureau ...
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What Are Joint Operating Agreements in Oil & Gas?

After oil and gas lease agreements, the Joint Operating Agreement (JOA) is the most common contract used in the industry. JOAs are agreements between two or more entities that spell out who is considered the operator for the exploration ...
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The Ultimate Guide to Power of Attorney for Buying or Selling Property

The majority of property transactions are performed with the consent and knowledge of the legal buyers and sellers of the property. However, there are circumstances in which the legal right to make the transaction must be shifted to ...
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Land Patent FAQ, Part 2: How to File a Land Patent

A land patent is the only form of proof of absolute title to land in the United States. It protects the landowner from claimants of co-ownership as well as the United States government.
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What's the Difference Between Mineral Deeds and Royalty Deeds?

If a landowner wishes to benefit financially from minerals lying below the surface, the owner can split or sever the property into two separate interests — the surface and the mineral-rich portion beneath it. The surface estate can then be ...
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